1 ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the work.

2 In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee, ISO/IEC JTC 1. Draft International Standards adopted by the joint technical committee are circulated to national bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the national bodies casting a vote.

3 International Standard ISO/IEC 8652 was prepared by Joint Technical Committee ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information Technology.

4/2 This consolidated edition updates the second edition (ISO 8652:1995).

4.a/2 Discussion: The above is unofficial wording added just to avoid confusion. If ISO decides to publish a new standard, the above would be replaced by “This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 8652:1995), of which it constitutes a technical revision”. The first three paragraphs in this section also would be replaced by the current ISO boilerplate. 

5/2 Annexes A to J form an integral part of this International Standard. Annexes K to Q are for information only.

5.a Discussion: This document is the Annotated Ada Reference Manual (AARM). It contains the entire text of the Ada 95 standard (ISO/IEC 8652:1995), plus various annotations. It is intended primarily for compiler writers, validation test writers, and other language lawyers. The annotations include detailed rationale for individual rules and explanations of some of the more arcane interactions among the rules.